Insights into sediment flow processes can help to better understand the feasibility of turbidite as an earthquake indicator in a specific subaqueous environment

We investigated homogeneous muds, turbidites, and debris that were preserved in a 457-m deep ICDP drilling (220-0 ka) from the Dead Sea depocenter. Based on previous flash flood measuring, surface plume monitoring, and sediment traps monitoring in the lake center, we link homogeneous muds in the deep core to overflows, and link turbidites and debris … Read more

Key to Sensation of Pleasant Touch: Specific Neural Pathway Identified

Scientists have identified a neural circuit and a neuropeptide that transmit the sensation known as pleasant touch from the skin to the brain. Similar to itch, pleasant touch is transmitted by a specific neuropeptide and neural circuit. Researchers have identified a neural circuit and a neuropeptide – a chemical messenger that carries signals between nerve … Read more

A very specific kind of brain cell dies in people with Parkinson’s

Deep in the human brain, a very specific kind of cell dies during Parkinson’s disease. For the first time, researchers have sorted large numbers of human brain cells in the substantia nigra into 10 distinct types. Just one is particularly vulnerable in Parkinson’s disease, the team reports May 5 in Nature Neuroscience. The result could … Read more

There’s a Strange New Discovery About The Brain Structures Involved in Reading Skill

Our ability to look at abstract symbols and map them onto sounds is one of the key skills for becoming a competent reader. In the academic world, this is known as phonological processing, and this skill can vary from person to person, with conditions like dyslexia making it more difficult for some. In a new … Read more

Scientists pinpoint what makes brain cells develop in a specific order – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Researchers have identified the complete series of 10 factors that regulate the development of brain cell types in the visual system of fruit flies — including in what order these neurons develop. The findings, published in Natureopen new avenues of research to understand how brain development evolved in different animals and hold clues for regenerative … Read more

Specific lung cancer screening and treatment policies urgently needed to address international disparities in survival – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Lugano, Switzerland, 23 March 2022 – A consensus reached by a lung clinical community within the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP), (1) presented at the European Lung Cancer Congress (ELCC), 30 March – 2 April 2022, has highlighted international disparities in management and outcomes of patients with lung cancer in high-income countries, and has provided … Read more

TTUHSC researcher receives NIH grant to study vulnerabilities in specific cancer types – BIOENGINEER.ORG

The National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, recently awarded a five-year, $ 1.9 million grant to C. Patrick Reynolds, MD, Ph.D., director for the School of Cancer Medicine Center at the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. The grant, “Targeting Shared Vulnerabilities in Alternate Telomere Lengthening (ALT) Cancers,” will allow Reynolds … Read more

‘Switching off’ specific brain cells protects against stress – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Osaka, Japan – It is well known that long-term exposure to stress can lead to serious psychiatric problems. However, the precise mechanisms underpinning the stress response have remained largely elusive. Recent advances in microscopic imaging by researchers from Japan have led to the exciting discovery of a small group of brain cells that control stress-induced … Read more

Scientists discover that a specific variant of the HLA-DPB1 gene is associated with poor responsiveness to treatment for allergies — ScienceDaily

Seasonal allergies are very widespread in certain parts of the world. In Japan, it is estimated that about one third of the population is allergic to the pollen of the Japanese cedar, a native tree species, making Japanese cedar pollinosis one of the most common allergic diseases in the country. Luckily, allergen immunotherapy has progressed … Read more

Specific “Math Neurons” Identified in the Brain

When performing calculations, some neurons are active when adding, others when subtracting. The brain has neurons that fire specifically during certain mathematical operations. This is shown by a recent study conducted by the Universities of Tübingen and Bonn. The findings indicate that some of the neurons detected are active exclusively during additions, while others are … Read more